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  • Dec 5, 2019
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    Download the Discussion Document in PDF Executive Summary The rise of China as an emerging global power has significant implications for India’s pursuit of its core interests. While old sources of friction between the two countries persist, shifting global power dynamics and technological advancements present new challenges and opportunities. In this backdrop, this report argues […]
  • Dec 3, 2019
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    The Karnataka government is set to release a new industrial policy next month with the goal of encouraging investment in tier-II cities. As it has been in the past, this goal is likely to be framed in zero-sum terms i.e. achieved by pushing IT companies to move away from Bengaluru and in other cities instead. We […]
  • Dec 3, 2019
    With the People’s Republic of China (PRC) marking its 70th founding anniversary on October 1, the grand military parade at Tiananmen Square was the highlight of the celebrations. It showcased China’s newer arms, ammunition, and technology. Over 15,000 personnel, 160 aircraft, and 580 pieces of military equipment participated in the military parade, including sophisticated weaponry such as hypersonic missiles, […]
  • Dec 2, 2019
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    Do hi-tech industries create regionally unbalanced development? If so, is it a problem governments can address? In this episode, Pranay Kotasthane and Anupam Manur debate the challenges, pitfalls and paradoxes of industrial policies. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Dec 2, 2019
    India’s response to China’s diplomatic offensive of recent years has been inconsistent and sporadic. Using diplomatic tools in an institutionalised way to highlight China’s vulnerabilities is something India refrains from. This, despite China’s increased diplomatic activism against India. For instance, China raised the dilution of Article 370 in the United Nations Security Council on behalf […]
  • Nov 29, 2019
    I. The Big Story: Xi’s Military Reforms The Chinese President Xi Jinping on Wednesday called for efforts to cultivate a new type of military personnel who are competent, professional and possess both integrity and ability. He attended the opening ceremony of the training of Presidents of the military schools and academies at the National Defence University […]
  • Nov 29, 2019
    Eye on China is a weekly bulletin offering news and analysis related to the Middle Kingdom from an Indian interests perspective. This week we focus on the developments in the Sino-Indian relationship; Xi’s focus on military education; nearly 13% of Chinese banks being highly risky; protests in Hong Kong; new leaks from Xinjiang and much […]
  • Nov 29, 2019
    Mastodon is what’s happening in India right now. Indian Twitter users are moving to the platform and have taken to using hashtags such as #CasteistTwitter and #cancelallBlueTicksinIndia. A key reason for this to transpire is that Twitter has been, to put it mildly, less than perfect, in moderating content in India. There is the incident […]
  • Nov 29, 2019
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    The post-Soviet military of Russia has evolved into a fighting force for the 21st century. How has Russia achieved this and how do the Russians spend their money on weapons? To discuss a new report talking about these issues, Aditya Ramanathan sits down with Anirudh Kanisetti and Pranav RS to dig deeper. Aditya Ramanathan – @adityar22 […]
  • Nov 29, 2019
    The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 was passed by the Indian Parliament on 26th November despite considerable opposition by members of the Rajya Sabha and the transgender community. In 2014, the supreme court in a landmark judgement in the case of National Legal Services Authority versus […]
  • Nov 29, 2019
    The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has launched an ambitious project, IndiGen, to sequence whole genomes of diverse ethnic Indian population to develop public health technology applications. The CSIR last month announced sequencing of 1,008 Indian genomes as part of the project. It aims to complete sequencing of at least 10,000 Indian genomes over the next three […]
  • Nov 27, 2019
    Advancements in Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies over the next decade will have a profound impact on the nature of warfare. Increasing use of precision weapons, training simulations and unmanned vehicles are merely the tip of the iceberg. AI technologies, going forward, will not only have a direct battlefield impact in terms of weapons and equipment but […]
  • Nov 27, 2019
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    How does China plan to use its expanding submarine fleet? And what does it mean for India? Aditya Ramanathan, Pranav RS and Suyash Desai dive into the murky world of military competition that lurks beneath the waves. Aditya Ramanathan – @adityar22 Suyash Desai – @Suyash_Desai Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify […]
  • Nov 26, 2019
    As a global community, we should have a more visible and informed choice in what content we want to consume. The full article is available here. Rohan is a Policy Analyst at The Takshashila Institution.
  • Nov 26, 2019
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    The US-South Korea alliance is on shaky ground. China is looking to expand its nuclear arsenal. The parallels between Sri Lankan and Indian politics. And are tech companies ignoring women when designing products? Utkarsh Narain and Pranav RS join Manoj Kewalramani to talk about all this and more in this week’s Reading The Economist. Subscribe […]
  • Nov 25, 2019
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    External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar’s Ramnath Goenka Lecture last week was hailed by some as a landmark speech. But did it really lay out a new vision for Indian foreign policy? Sankalp Gurjar and Suyash Desai join Manoj Kewalramani to discuss. Sankalp Gurjar – @SankalpGurjar Suyash Desai – @Suyash_Desai Manoj Kewalramani – @theChinaDude (https://twitter.com/thechinadude) Subscribe and listen to the […]
  • Nov 23, 2019
    Over the course of the last few weeks, we have seen Facebook and Twitter take opposing views on the issue of political ads. While the issue itself does not have an immediate implication for Indian politics, the decisions of the two companies, their actions throughout the episode and reactions to them are emblematic of the […]
  • Nov 22, 2019
    Eye on China is a weekly bulletin offering news and analysis related to the Middle Kingdom from an Indian interests perspective. This week we cover the fallout of Sri Lanka’s presidential election; Rajnath Singh’s visit to Arunachal Pradesh; the protests in Hong Kong; China’s revision of its GDP and much more. I. India-China Relations There’s […]
  • Nov 22, 2019
    In a recent development (Economic Times, 9th September 2019), The Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY) is considering issuing guidelines under the Information Technology Act that will require agencies and companies to sell public and non-personal data to anyone in the country, including the government. This marks a difference from the usual policy position of […]
  • Nov 22, 2019
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    Since the first mushroom cloud erupted over Hiroshima, there’s been a strong belief that nukes have fundamentally changed international politics. But is this true? In this special episode, political scientists Keir Lieber and Daryl Press talk to Aditya Ramanathan and Pranav RS about the myth of the nuclear revolution. “The End of MAD?” article by […]
  • Nov 22, 2019
    I. The Big Story: PLA in Hong Kong The People’s Liberation Army soldiers were spotted cleaning-up the Hong Kong’s streets last week. Their presence raised concerns in China’s autonomous region. Social media feeds showed men in green and black uniforms with Chinese flags on their shoulders, “voluntarily clearing the streets.” Although several thousands of the PLA soldiers are located in […]
  • Nov 21, 2019
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    A New York Times report based on leaked internal Chinese documents sheds fresh light on the unprecedented crackdown on ethnic minorities in Xinjiang. Suyash Desai, Sankalp Gurjar and Manoj Kewalramani discuss the report and the global reaction to China’s internment of Uighurs. Suyash Desai – @Suyash_Desai Sankalp Gurjar – @SankalpGurjar Manoj Kewalramani – @theChinaDude Subscribe and listen to […]
  • Nov 20, 2019
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    Why have Indian Twitter users started moving to Mastodon? What is the so-called Fediverse, and will it replace Twitter? Utkarsh Narain, Anirudh Kanisetti and Prateek Waghre break it down. Utkarsh Narain – @utkarsh01 Anirudh Kanisetti – @AKanisetti Prateek Waghre – @prateekwaghre Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Nov 19, 2019
    Recent developments in online advertising have been uplifting. Facebook (and by extension, Instagram) has been running a policy that is meant to block predatory ads that target people who are overweight or have skin conditions, pushing unusual and often medically dangerous miracle cures. Google, which makes over $100 billion in online ad revenue, has also […]
  • Nov 19, 2019
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    An unwieldy coalition is set to rule Spain but will it last? What good are aircraft carriers in today’s world? How are online platforms like Netflix changing media competition? Sankalp Gurjar, Utkarsh Narain and Manoj Kewalramani talk about all this and more in this week’s Reading The Economist Manoj Kewalramani – @theChinaDude Sankalp Gurjar – @SankalpGurjar Utkarsh […]
  • Nov 19, 2019
    Sri Lanka’s geo-strategic location will continue to attract foreign powers like China and the United States (US) and therefore the tussle between them is likely to be played out in Sri Lanka. In this context, India’s ability to shape Sri Lankan policies will be tested. Moreover, how Gotabaya Rajapaksa engages with China will also be watched […]
  • Nov 18, 2019
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    The IndiGen project will map genes across India’s ethnic groups to discover clinically actionable genetic information. Shambhavi Naik, Pranay Kotasthane and Anirudh Kanisetti discuss the importance of this project, the opportunities it presents and the challenges it faces. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Nov 18, 2019
    The recent revelations about NSO group’s Pegasus being used to target an estimated two dozen Indian lawyers and activists using the vulnerabilities in Whatsapp have once again brought the issue of targeted surveillance of citizens into focus. As the saying goes, no good crisis should go to waste. This is an opportunity to raise public […]
  • Nov 16, 2019
    India and China are the only nuclear powers which adhere to a No First Use policy, based on the rationale that the only role of nuclear weapons is to deter their own kind. With overwhelming evidence now available regarding nuclear explosions and climate change, it is time that India and China jointly take the lead […]
  • Nov 15, 2019
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    New technologies are pushing the boundaries of how long humans beings can lead healthy lives. In this episode, Manoj Kewalramani, Shambhavi Naik, and Ganesh Chakravarthy debate the scientific and philosophical questions that stem from the human quest for immortality. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast […]
  • Nov 15, 2019
    Eye on China is a weekly bulletin offering news and analysis related to the Middle Kingdom from an Indian interests perspective. This week we cover the Xi-Modi meeting in Brazil; weak economic data; China’s small bank jitters; violence in Hong Kong worsens; US-China Economic and Security Review Commission’s annual report and much more… I. Xi-Modi Meet, RCEP […]
  • Nov 15, 2019
    The Seeds Bill, 2019 Seeds occupy a seat of high importance in Indian agriculture. The long struggle to replace the Seeds Act, 1966 with a fresh legislation began in 2004 and has entered its latest battle with the introduction of The Seeds Bill, 2019. The Bill’s stated objective is “to provide for regulating the quality of seeds, […]
  • Nov 14, 2019
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    Was Jawaharlal Nehru a starry-eyed foreign policy optimist? Did he have a more realist strategy than we like to think? And how did his actions shape the future trajectory of Indian diplomacy? On the late PM’s 130th birth anniversary, Sankalp Gurjar and Manoj Kewalramani join Anirudh Kanisetti to discuss his complicated legacy. Subscribe and listen […]
  • Nov 13, 2019
    जागतिक इतिहासाला वळण देणाऱ्या ज्या काही फार कमी घटना असतात त्यात बर्लिनभिंतीच्या पाडावाचा समावेश करता येईल. ९ नोव्हेंबर १९८९ या दिवशी पूर्व बर्लिन आणि पश्चिम बर्लिन यांना विभागणारी ही भिंत पाडण्याची प्रक्रिया सुरू झाली. या दिवशी जुने जग लयाला गेले आणि नव्या जगाची चाहूल लागली. त्यानंतरची २० वर्षे लोकशाहीच्या प्रसाराची, आर्थिक समृद्धीची, तंत्रज्ञानाच्या वेगवान प्रगतीची […]
  • Nov 13, 2019
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    How will climate change transform societies and economies? What solutions do we have ready right now? Australian climate change scholar Prof Tim Flannery joins Manoj Kewalramani and Sankalp Gurjar in today’s episode to explain. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Nov 12, 2019
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    Why are nuclear arms control agreement between the US and Russia falling apart or under pressure? What new dangers do they pose? And what can be done about them? In this episode, arms control expert Petr Topychkanov talks to Aditya Ramanathan and Pranav RS about the way ahead. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: […]
  • Nov 11, 2019
    India is creating a national facial recognition system. If you live in India, you should be concerned about what this could lead to. It is easy to draw parallels with 1984 and say that we are moving towards Big Brother at pace, and perhaps we are. But a statement like that, for better or worse, […]
  • Nov 11, 2019
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    How is the post-election politics shaping up in Afghanistan? What is the prospect of peace after the Presidential elections in September? Pranay Kotasthane talks to Anand Arni and Sankalp Gurjar. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Nov 8, 2019
    I. The Big Story: US-China Defence Ties; Strategic Competition in AI Wei Fenghe, China’s Defence Minister and Mark Esper, US Defence Secretary discussed Hong Kong, Taiwan, the South China Sea and Xinjiang over a video call on Tuesday. No details of Wei’s comments on any of the four topics were out, although he has issued a […]
  • Nov 8, 2019
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    How should great powers support local governments fighting insurgencies? And is the Indian Army’s Cold Start doctrine still relevant? In this episode, Walter C Ladwig III, an associate professor at King’s College London, joins Manoj Kewalramani and Aditya Ramanathan for a freewheeling discussion on his latest book, The Forgotten Front, as well as his landmark 2007 […]
  • Nov 7, 2019
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    On this episode, Dr Manpreet Sethi, distinguished fellow at the Centre for Air Power Studies, tells Aditya Ramanathan and Pranav RS why nuclear no-first-use is the best strategy for India. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Nov 6, 2019
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    What is realism in international relations? Where are the Indian realists? And what do they think of the India-China relationship? Prof. Rajesh Rajagopalan of Jawaharlal Nehru University discusses with Sankalp Gurjar and Pranay Kotasthane. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Nov 5, 2019
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    China’s nuclear arsenal has evolved and expanded since its first nuclear test in 1964. In this episode, Sankalp Gurjar talks to Pranav RS and Suyash Desai about how Chinese thinking on nuclear weapons has changed over the years. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Nov 5, 2019
    If you are among the millions personally suffering from the acute air pollution in Delhi and many other parts of north India, now is not an appropriate time for a deeper reflection on the underlying causes of this human disaster. This is not to absolve the state and union governments involved. Nor is it to absolve […]
  • Nov 4, 2019
    The personal data protection bill is yet to become a law and the debate is still rife on the costs and benefits of data localisation. It is yet to be seen officially if the government is going to mandate localisation in the data protection bill and to whom it is going to apply. Regardless of […]
  • Nov 4, 2019
    Pegasus, the software that infamously hacked WhatsApp earlier this year, is a tool developed to help government intelligence and law enforcement agencies to battle cybercrime and terror. Once installed on a mobile device, it can collect contacts, files, and passwords. It can also ‘overcome’ encryption, and use GPS to pinpoint targets. More importantly, it is […]
  • Nov 4, 2019
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    Standard economic wisdom tells you people are self-interested, rational actors. But behavioural science says otherwise. How can we better understand the irrationalities that guide our daily existence, and how can we use that to achieve better policy outcomes in India? Pooja Haldea, Advisor at Ashoka University’s Center for Social and Behavioural Change (CSBC), explains the […]
  • Nov 2, 2019
    शीतयुद्धाच्या काळात बहुतांश अमेरिकी अभ्यासक सोव्हिएत रशिया व युरोपीय संरक्षण याविषयीच्या अभ्यासात गुंतलेले होते, तेव्हा जाणीवपूर्वक भारत आणि दक्षिण आशियाविषयक अभ्यासाकडे वळलेले स्टीफन कोहेन यांचे नुकतेच निधन झाले. त्यांच्या अभ्यासकीय कारकीर्दीची ओळख करून देणारा हा लेख.. 
  • Nov 2, 2019
    The Big Story: Border Personnel Meeting The Indian Army and People’s Liberation Army held a Border Personnel Meeting (BPM) on the Chinese side at Bum La, Arunachal Pradesh on October 30. BPM was marked by the unfurling of national flags followed by a formal address by the delegation leaders and discussion of various issues between the two armies. “The mutual desire […]
  • Nov 1, 2019
    DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2018: The first edition of Compound Eye discussed the DNA Technology Bill 2018. It subsequently lapsed after the previous Lok Sabha dissolved before the national elections. It was subsequently re-introduced in the current Lok Sabha and has now been sent to a Parliamentary Committee on Science and Technology […]
  • Nov 1, 2019
    [Co-authored with Murali Neelakantan] With a decade-long history of deliberations, the DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill 2018 is no stranger to the halls of Parliament. It is currently being scrutinised by the Parliamentary Committee on Science and Technology, after it was reintroduced in the Lok Sabha earlier this year. The Bill seeks to […]
  • Nov 1, 2019
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    A new paper has made some interesting recommendations for how India’s armed forces can manage the challenge from China. But are they feasible? General Prakash Menon and Manoj Kewalramani join Aditya Ramanathan to discuss. The paper from Center for a New American Security (CNAS) can be found here: Imbalance of Power Subscribe and listen to […]
  • Oct 31, 2019
    Central to the drama of 2019 is the Election Commission, an institution that India used to be proud of but which, in my view, no longer deserves the praise. I am referring to neither the allegations of tampered Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs), nor the Election Commission’s weak-kneed approach towards insisting that the BJP follow the Model Code of Conduct […]
  • Oct 31, 2019
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    In the last two decades, Africa has seen extraordinary leaps in access to mobile phones, sparking an IT revolution across the continent. Andre-Michel Essoungou, Cameroonian journalist and Political Officer at the United Nations, joins Anirudh Kanisetti and Rohan Seth on the sidelines of the Observer Researcher Foundations’s CyFy conference to discuss how this will change […]
  • Oct 30, 2019
    The Print’s daily roundtable TalkPoint posed a question connected to the unofficial trip of twenty-seven European Union MPs to Jammu and Kashmir: Modi govt allows mostly far-Right EU MPs to J&K: Smart diplomacy to counter Western liberals? The Indian government has lost the plot if this unofficial trip is being held to ‘counter Western liberals’. The opinion […]
  • Oct 30, 2019
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    As CCTVs become more ubiquitous in Indian cities and facial recognition algorithms become more advanced, we may be moving towards a world where technology is used to violate individuals’ privacy and their fundamental rights. Apar Gupta, Executive Director at the Internet Freedom Foundation (IFF), discusses the social and political ramifications, and what civil society can […]
  • Oct 29, 2019
    A bit of math can better secure your communications than all the guns in the world combined. That is the beauty of end to end encryption which currently runs on WhatsApp. It makes messages shared between people private so that only the sender and the recipient can view what is being said. On a related […]
  • Oct 29, 2019
    The manner in which the Indian state has treated telecom is indicative of the disdain it has for a sector that has underpinned the country’s rise to an aspiring global power in the last 25 years. If we have to fix the problems we’ve created, it’s important to enumerate the big policy mistakes we have made. […]
  • Oct 28, 2019
    Two global rankings were announced recently. One was the 2019 “Doing Business” report published by the World Bank, which was earlier called the “Ease of Doing Business” (EODB) India jumped to 63 from 77 last year. The improvement is dramatic, and in just five years India has improved its global position from 142 to 63. […]
  • Oct 28, 2019
    Despite holding two grand events in the last month, India has not gained anything significant on the diplomatic front. Neither ‘Howdy Modi’ in Houston nor Modi-Xi summit in Mamallapuram resulted in resolving outstanding issues in the bilateral relationships with the United States (US) and China… Therefore, what exactly did these two grand events achieve? Who was […]
  • Oct 26, 2019
    मुगाबे यांनी 2017 च्या डिसेंबरमध्ये 37 वर्षांच्या प्रदीर्घ काळानंतर नाइलाजाने सत्तात्याग केला. सप्टेंबर 2019 मध्ये त्यांचे वयाच्या 95 व्या वर्षी निधन झाले. आता झिम्बाब्वेत सत्ताबदल झालेला असला तरी, तो देश अजूनही भीषण परिस्थितीतच आहे. त्यामुळे हेन्री व अँडी यांना आपल्या देशात पुन्हा जाता येईल का, स्थायिक होता येईल का? या प्रश्नाचे उत्तर आज तरी देता […]
  • Oct 26, 2019
    Even as India pushes for data decryption access from Big Tech for better law enforcement, there is a larger issue of how Big Tech is not quite the paragon of virtue when it comes to upholding user privacy. If the Indian government does get social media platforms to part with user data, it should remember […]
  • Oct 25, 2019
    The Big Story: China’s Xiangshan Forum The 9th Xiangshan Forum concluded in Beijing on 23rd October. More than 1,300 people, 76 official delegates, defence ministers from 23 countries, representatives and scholars from international organizations, and military observers of various countries attended the forum. The forum was themed, “Maintaining International Order and Promoting Peace in the Asia-Pacific.” The Chinese President Xi Jinping […]
  • Oct 25, 2019
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    With an election in limbo and uncertain peace talks, Afghanistan’s long war could pack some surprises for India. In this special episode, Nitin Pai joins Ambassador Nirupama Rao and Lt General Prakash Menon to discuss how India can best craft an effective Afghan strategy. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts […]
  • Oct 25, 2019
    Eye on China is a weekly bulletin offering news and analysis related to the Middle Kingdom from an Indian interests perspective. This week we cover new details from the Xi-Modi talks; US VP Mike Pence’s big China speech; EU awards Uighur activist; Beijing prepares for 4th plenum of 19th CPC Congress; China’s engagement in the […]
  • Oct 24, 2019
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    The informal summit in Mamallapuram between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Xi Jinping may have generated photo ops, but does it provide a way forward for ties between Asia’s two giants? Nitin Pai sparks debate between Lt General Prakash Menon and Ambassador Nirupama Menon Rao. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox […]
  • Oct 23, 2019
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    In the recent past, In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) or assisted reproductive technologies has enabled women of older age to bear children. What are the ethical dilemmas of such births? Should the government regulate them? Shambhavi Naik thrown open this question to Anupam Manur and Sowmya Nandan for debate. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: […]
  • Oct 22, 2019
    According to a report in The Hindu Sunday, Home Minister Amit Shah has asked the Bureau of Police Research and Development to move ahead on reforming the Indian Penal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure. When Macaulay drafted it in the 1830s, it was an exceptional piece of work. In the following decades, the colonial government modified it to […]
  • Oct 22, 2019
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    Viktor Orbán’s setback in Budapest; Japan’s Naruhito faces royal restrictions; psychedelics could treat depression; and China’s uncomfortable tryst with football acquisitions. Manoj Kewalramani joins Sankalp Gurjar and Utkarsh Narain to discuss all this and more in this week’s Reading The Economist. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any […]
  • Oct 21, 2019
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    Septuagenarians in India using in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) technologies have met with mixed responses. While IVF is becoming the most common infertility treatment, many countries, including the US, UK and Australia, have recommended age limits for accessing the technology. India, however, currently has no laws restricting IVF access for women of advanced ages. Consequently, in the […]
  • Oct 21, 2019
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    The 1962 war with China scarred India and had a lasting impact on its politics. But why did the war break out? How did the world react? And are there any lessons for today? Manoj Kewalramani, Suyash Desai and Sankalp Gurjar discuss. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or […]
  • Oct 18, 2019
    Soon after conducting the ASAT test in April this year, the Indian government announced that it will set up a new agency called the  Defence Space Agency (DSA) comprising of members from the Army, Navy and Air Force,  and supported by a new research organization known as the Defence Space Research Agency (DSRO). This not […]
  • Oct 18, 2019
    Eye on China is a weekly bulletin offering news and analysis related to the Middle Kingdom from an Indian interests perspective. This week we cover the aftermath of the Chennai summit; Xi’s visit to Nepal; China’s economic slowdown; a possible Phase 1 deal with the US and much more… I. The Chennai Summit Narendra Modi […]
  • Oct 18, 2019
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    This week, 57 years ago a crisis broke out in the Caribbean that brought the world closest its ever been to all-out nuclear war. In this episode, Shibani Mehta, Pranav RS and Aditya Ramanathan debate the lessons of the confrontation for the future. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify […]
  • Oct 18, 2019
    China is implementing the largest military build-up since World War II. It is heavily investing in the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). The PLA has undergone dramatic changes since the 1990s. But under Xi’s leadership, the military reforms are more ambitious and wide-ranging. In the 19th CPC National Congress, Xi pledged that the PLA will achieve modernisation by 2020, […]
  • Oct 17, 2019
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    How do countries think about revolutionary changes in the character of war? In this episode, Manoj Kewalramani, Pranav RS, and Aditya Ramanathan debate the dynamics driving strategic and military innovations from the gunpowder era to our times. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Oct 16, 2019
    The big decision here is whether or not India wants to share its data with anyone under any circumstances. India recently started sharing maritime data with countries in the Indian Ocean Region. The Information Fusion Centre is actively interacting with the maritime community and has already built linkages with 18 countries and 15 multinational/maritime security […]
  • Oct 16, 2019
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    Nearly 25% of India’s defence expenditure for this year will be used to service the pension bill. Is this sustainable? And how does it impact modernisation? Manoj Kewalramani talks to General Prakash Menon and Pranay Kotasthane about their new study which proposes an innovative solution to this problem. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: […]
  • Oct 15, 2019
    Ten years ago, the question was whether India and China should sign a bilateral free trade agreement (FTA). Today, it is whether India should join the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). There are two different but interconnected issues: the dominance of Chinese manufacturers in the export of goods; and the impenetrability of the Chinese market to […]
  • Oct 15, 2019
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    Will China have autonomous cars before the West? Is inflation no longer a worry for emerging markets? And why are the EU and Russia patching up now? Manoj Kewalramani, Sankalp Gurjar and Utkarsh Narain discuss all this and more in this week’s Reading The Economist. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google […]
  • Oct 14, 2019
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    Sweeter than honey and higher than the mountains-that’s how China and Pakistan describe their relationship. But what really drives it? Is it just about containing India or are there other factors involved? Manoj Kewalramani talks to Suyash Desai and Sankap Gurjar about the bonds that shape the China-Pakistan axis. Subscribe and listen to the podcast […]
  • Oct 12, 2019
    हे पुस्तक वाचून असा कोणाचाही गैरसमज होऊ शकतो की, हे पुस्तक केवळ राजकारणाविषयीच असावे, पण तसे नाही. इराक व इराणमधल्या समाजजीवनाकडे टिकेकर अगदी विचक्षण दृष्टीने पाहत होते. त्यामुळेच ते लिहितात की, इराणमध्ये वाहने रस्त्याच्या उजव्या बाजूने चालवली जात असली, तरीही इराकमध्ये ब्रिटिश सत्तेचा पराभव असल्याने वाहने डाव्या बाजूने चालवावीत असा नियम आहे. इराकमध्ये खजुराशिवाय इतर […]
  • Oct 11, 2019
    The hopes of a harmonious, balanced relationship between India and China post-Wuhan have not been realised. In fact, little has changed in the overall trajectory of the Indo-China bilateral relationship of limited co-operation and strategic competition. Therefore, the Mamallapuram summit will make for good optics for both Xi Jinping and Narendra Modi, but it is […]
  • Oct 11, 2019
    The Print’s daily roundtable TalkPoint posed a question connected to the Narendra Modi-Xi Jinping informal summit in Mamallapuram: What can Modi-Xi agree on to call their Mamallapuram meeting a success? Manoj Kewalramani, Fellow-China Studies at The Takshashila Institution, was among the discussants. Manoj argued: My expectations from the Modi-Xi summit are very low for mainly two reasons. First, […]
  • Oct 11, 2019
    Eye on China is a weekly bulletin offering news and analysis related to the Middle Kingdom from an Indian interests perspective. This week we cover Xi Jinping’s arrival in India for the second informal summit; Imran Khan’s visit to China; Beijing’s announcement of major taxation reforms; the US and China heading towards a partial trade […]
  • Oct 11, 2019
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    Is the informal summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Xi Jinping an empty gesture or a valuable diplomatic initiative? Our China watchers, Manoj Kewalramani and Suyash Desai join host Aditya Ramanathan to debate the value of such a meeting. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any […]
  • Oct 11, 2019
    Pakistan’s Prime Minister, Imran Khan, and Pakistan’s Chief of Army Staff, General Qamar Javed Bajwa visited China last week. Bajwa met the top military commanders of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). A statement by Pakistan military’s Inter-Services Public Relations said, “General Bajwa met General Han Weiguo, PLA Commander Army and General Xu Qiliang, Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission […]
  • Oct 11, 2019
    Regulations and Guidelines on Biosafety of Recombinant DNA Research & Biocontainment 2017 In the recent past, there have two incidents at biodefense facilities – one in the US and one in Russia. More on that in the Its All Controversial section, but it is fair to say that countries which stock or do research on pathogens need […]
  • Oct 10, 2019
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    Delhi and Dhaka signed several agreements during Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s recent visit, despite concerns about issues like the NRC. Shambhavi Naik talks to Pranav RS, Sankalp Gurjar and Suyash Desai about the future of the India-Bangladesh relationship and what it means for India’s approach to regionalism. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes […]
  • Oct 9, 2019
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    Singapore’s anti-fake news law took effect on October 02. Shibani Mehta, Rohan Seth, and Utkarsh Narain talk about what such laws might mean for free speech, dissent, and civil liberties, as well as the dilemmas they pose for big-tech and media companies. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or […]
  • Oct 9, 2019
    While India and China will hold the second informal summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Xi Jinping today and tomorrow, events over the past few weeks have dampened the prospects of forward movement on the boundary dispute. The first informal summit between Xi and Modi in Wuhan in 2018 had provided a tentative […]
  • Oct 7, 2019
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    Much has been written about Chinese influence operations undermining democracies and impacting academic freedoms. In this episode, Manoj Kewalramani talks to Suyash Desai and Sankalp Gurjar about the instruments China uses to exercise sharp power. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Oct 7, 2019
    Download the Discussion Document in PDF Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be hosting Chinese President Xi Jinping for an informal summit in the coastal town of Mamallapuram in Tamil Nadu in October 2019. The summit is a timely opportunity to address some of the stressors that are fraying the fabric of the Wuhan spirit […]
  • Oct 4, 2019
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    The astonishing multiplayer world of Eve Online allows players to build, trade, become politicians, and wage war on each other. In this episode, Anirudh Kanisetti joins Manoj Kewalramani and Aditya Ramanathan to discuss what such games reveal about the real world, from the creation of political entities, to economics and strategy. Subscribe and listen to […]
  • Oct 3, 2019
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    Is military jointness good? Or should each service should be allowed to formulate its own strategy? Are there any lessons for India from the military reforms in China? Manoj Kewalramani discusses with Suyash Desai and Sankalp Gurjar. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Oct 2, 2019
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    The Railway Board Chairman has recently announced plans to allow 150 private trains into the railway network. What really needs to be done to improve the quality and availability of rail transport? Nitin Pai joins Anupam Manur and Pranay Kotasthane to figure out the implications. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google […]
  • Oct 1, 2019
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    India’s economy is in doldrums, but the way out is unclear. Nitin Pai and Anupam Manur join Pranay Kotasthane to discuss the options, from sweeping reforms to sensible taxation. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Oct 1, 2019
    Okay, the Indian economy is in a slowdown and it is absolutely important for us to quickly get back onto the path of high growth. Economic output is the sum of consumer expenditure, investment, government expenditure and net exports. The best way to increase growth is to increase all four of the above. There is a need for […]
  • Oct 1, 2019
    The Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) received an upgrade last week when the foreign ministers of Australia, Japan, India and the US met at the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly. The Quad was conceived in 2007 to address the unconventional threats in the Asia-Pacific region. But China viewed this grouping as a ganging-up of […]
  • Oct 1, 2019
    The PRC celebrated its 70th anniversary today, with much pomp and pageantry in Beijing. President Xi Jinping delivered a brief and rather underwhelming speech, emphasising the unity, development and strength of the PRC. “There is no force that can shake the foundation of this great nation. Socialist China is standing in front of the world. No force can […]
  • Sep 30, 2019
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    The People’s Republic of China is celebrating its 70th anniversary on October 1st, 2019. Manoj Kewalramani and Suyash Desai talk to Pranay Kotasthane about China’s tumultuous journey and its uncertain future. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Sep 29, 2019
    दर वर्षी ३० सप्टेंबर हा दिवस ‘आंतरराष्ट्रीय अनुवाद दिवस’ म्हणून साजरा केला जातो. अनुवाद ही खरे तर मूळ लेखनाइतकीच सर्जनशील कृती असते. चांगले अनुवादक हे दोन भाषांमध्ये आणि परिणामी दोन समाजांमध्ये पूल बांधण्याचे, सहकार्याच्या कक्षा रुंदावण्याचे व संवाद साधण्याचे काम करत असतात. अनुवादामुळेच उत्तमोत्तम साहित्यकृती भाषा-प्रदेश-संस्कृती-राष्ट्र-काळ यांनी घातलेल्या मर्यादांच्या पलीकडे पोहोचतात. अनुवादित साहित्याचा प्रभाव एखाद्या […]
  • Sep 27, 2019
    The Print’s daily roundtable TalkPoint posed a question: Does India-Pakistan sparring at UNGA bring any diplomatic benefit for either country? India does not gain anything by sparring with Pakistan at the UNGA. In fact, for a major power like India engaging in a war of words with Pakistan actually diminishes its status, re-hyphenates it with Pakistan, and demonstrates […]
  • Sep 27, 2019
    Congressional Research Service (CRS) has submitted its latest research report to the US Congress on China Naval Modernisation: Implications for US Navy Capabilities- Background and Issues for Congress. The report claims that China’s military modernisation, including its naval modernisation, has become a top concern for the US. China has been steadily modernising its navy for the past 25 […]
  • Sep 27, 2019
    Eye on China is a weekly bulletin offering news and analysis related to the Middle Kingdom from an Indian interests perspective. This week we cover Chinese ambassador to India Sun Weidong’s engagement with the Indian media; China’s new white papers on human rights and the new era; Chinese engagement in South Asia and a return […]
  • Sep 27, 2019
    Scientific Social Responsibility The Ministry of Science and Technology has released draft guidelines for the inclusion of Scientific Social responsibility (SSR) on the lines of corporate social responsibility (CSR). Prime Minister Narendra Modi advocated scientific social responsibility for leading scientific institutions to “promote scientific excellence in all stakeholders, including educational institutions”. (Read more) Mosquito vs Mosquito Not many people are […]
  • Sep 27, 2019
    India’s controversial military doctrine is of limited use in a clash with Pakistan and should stay cold and underplayed. India’s military should privilege development of a military capability that allows for causing destruction without posturing. Long-range firepower from air, land and sea platforms provide more promise for retribution under the nuclear shadow than IBGs that, […]
  • Sep 27, 2019
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    We all know what cryptocurrency is and how it can be used. But how does it really work? On this episode, Aditya Ramanathan and Anirudh Kanisetti talk to Utkarsh Narain to undertand the A to Z of cryptocurrency and blockchain. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other […]
  • Sep 26, 2019
    Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s indirect endorsement of President Donald Trump for the White House is a calculated risk. India’s gains from the US in the next few months would determine the merit of this endorsement. But an unapologetic India doesn’t care about its grand old foreign policy’s dogmatic values and principles. Read More…
  • Sep 26, 2019
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    Will lethal autonomous weapon systems make future crises more dangerous? And how does information gerrymandering help vested interests divide and rule populations? Anirudh Kanisetti and Aditya Ramanathan discuss. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Sep 25, 2019
    The Print’s daily roundtable TalkPoint posed a question connected to the Indian PM’s Howdy Modi event in Houston: Is it smart diplomacy for PM Modi to align himself with Donald Trump’s campaign in Houston? Whether Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s endorsement of US President Donald Trump at the ‘Howdy, Modi’ event should be termed smart diplomacy depends on its […]
  • Sep 25, 2019
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    The UN General Assembly has been debating climate change, but what are the practical measures countries like India can take? Manoj Kewalramani joins Pavan Srinath and Pranay Kotasthane to assess the options. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Sep 24, 2019
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    Download the Discussion Document in PDF India’s burgeoning defence pensions expenditure is unsustainable and begs immediate action. Starting with the Kargil Review Committee, many solutions have been mooted over the last two decades to address this problem but none of them have fructified. Meanwhile, the expenditure has ballooned after the implementation of the One Rank […]
  • Sep 24, 2019
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    Download the Advisory in PDF This policy advisory contains recommendations and comments in response to the draft National Guidelines for Gene Therapy Product Development and Clinical Trials released by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) in consultation with the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) and Central Drug Standards Control Organisation (CDSCO) in July 2019. We […]
  • Sep 24, 2019
    RBI recently came up with a Draft Enabling Framework for Regulatory Sandbox in financial technology. For context, a sandbox is a framework that allows testing of innovations by private firms in a controlled environment. As far as developments in the fintech regulation space go, this is a good one. A sandbox allows players to run […]
  • Sep 24, 2019
    While the government of Narendra Modi and Amit Shah has received severe criticism for its policies, the Congress has largely been excused for its failure to effectively hold the end of opposition. The BJP has turned many parts of the Congress legacy into a debilitating political liability. My indictment of the Congress is threefold: most of its leaders do not know […]
  • Sep 24, 2019
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    What’s happening in the world with changing climate? Did Iran really attack Saudi Arabia? And what is Netanyahu’s future? Manoj Kewalramani, Pranav R.S. and Utkarsh Narain talk about all this and more in this week’s Reading the Economist. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Sep 23, 2019
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    Prime Minister Modi kicked off his week-long visit to the United States with a massive event in Houston. Manoj Kewalramani, Sankalp Gurjar and Suyash Desai discuss the implications of the rally for US-India relations and Indian-Americans. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Sep 23, 2019
    Over the last week, I’ve been absolutely geeking out over massively multiplayer online worlds. In India, our conception of an online world – and what people can do in them – is generally social media-centric. Social media is a rich experience of its own, but people on social media are generally somewhat limited in terms […]
  • Sep 20, 2019
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    With India’s automobile industry skidding off the growth path, Anupam Manur joins Aditya Ramanathan to discuss what ails the sector and what can be done about it. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Sep 20, 2019
    Former prime minister Manmohan Singh recently urged the Centre to do more to enhance the spirit of cooperative federalism. His comments were in the context of the changes made to the terms of reference to the 15th Finance Commission (15FC). These changes were made in July, quite late in the tenure of the 15FC, and especially […]
  • Sep 20, 2019
    The People’s Republic of China’s 70th foundation anniversary is less than two weeks away. But China has already stepped up the intensive rehearsal for its 70th anniversary’s National Day Parade. The focus of the parade this year will be on the weapons that are developed after 2012.  President Xi came to power in late 2012, and since then, he […]
  • Sep 20, 2019
    Eye on China is a weekly bulletin offering news and analysis related to the Middle Kingdom from an Indian interests perspective. This week we cover all the buzz heading into the second Modi-Xi informal summit; China’s GDP slowing below 6%; Premier Li Keqiang’s visit to Russia; the US reconsidering HK’s special status and much more… […]
  • Sep 19, 2019
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    With US-Taliban talks frozen for now, what will it take to create a lasting peace that secures India’s interests? In this special episode, Sumeer Bhasin, a businessman with deep experience in the country gives Sankalp Gurjar and Aditya Ramanathan an insider’s view of the struggle for peace. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes […]
  • Sep 19, 2019
    The Indian government’s own disastrous experience with bans of various substances and services in the past should categorically advise it against such a move in the future. Yet, it is planning to go down the same route again with the case of “e-cigarettes” also known as Electronic Nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). A ban on ENDS, […]
  • Sep 18, 2019
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    Last week’s attack on Saudi oil facilities highlights the threat to India’s hydrocarbons supplies. Manoj Kewalramani and Sankalp Gurjar join Aditya Ramanathan to discuss what the dramatic attack means for India and the region. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Sep 17, 2019
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    Has Huawei made a peace offering to the US? Is Silicon Valley on the brink of discovering the secret to immortality? And how does our perception of people affect our judgement of them? Find out this and more in today’s podcast on Reading the Economist, with Rohan Seth, Shambhavi Naik, and Pranav RS. Subscribe and […]
  • Sep 17, 2019
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    In the context of India, honey-trappers usually try to extract information or spread fake news. There is still evidence of the adversary breaking into the top-level. That, however, is no reason for India’s intelligence community to not break out of the status quo. If anything is to be learnt from the 26/11 experience, intelligence agencies must stay […]
  • Sep 17, 2019
    Trump’s presence at Howdy Modi certainly highlights the strength and the comfort of the India-US relationship. The event’s organisers claim that it is the largest-ever turnout for a foreign elected leader on the US soil. Apparently, only the Pope attracted a bigger crowd. In the amoral world of international relations, it is par for the course for states […]
  • Sep 16, 2019
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    How much power does the newly announced digital currency Libra give Facebook? What will be the geopolitical implications? To understand the fallout, Aditya Ramanathan and Anirudh Kanisetti talk to Rohan Seth and unpack the case. Rohan’s Op-ed: www.ozy.com/opinion/lack-of-con…y-no-to-libra/96542 Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Sep 15, 2019
    The Indian government has made no secret of its interest in harnessing the power of AI. Over recent years, NITI Aayog has come up with a National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence, the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion designated an AI task force which came up with its own report, the interim budget earlier this […]
  • Sep 13, 2019
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    What is it like to be a podcaster in India? Our own podcasters – Anirudh Kanisetti and Aditya Ramanathan – sit down with Amit Doshi and Kavita Rajwade, co-founders of IVM Podcasts, to find out. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Sep 13, 2019
    Eye on China is a weekly bulletin offering news and analysis related to the Middle Kingdom from an Indian interests perspective. This week we cover the frictions in the Sino-Indian relationship ahead of the second informal summit; German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s visit to Beijing; the Afghanistan-China-Pakistan trilateral meeting; the issuance of new Internet rules in […]
  • Sep 13, 2019
    An inter-ministerial committee led by Economic Affairs Secretary Subhash Chandra Garg has proposed that holding cryptocurrency in India be made illegal. Directly or indirectly investing, trading, or exchanging foreign cryptocurrencies could lead to a prison sentence for up to 10 years or a fine up to ₹25 crores. The committee’s argument is that banning cryptocurrencies […]
  • Sep 13, 2019
    The Big Story: China-India Faceoff: Pangong Tso   Border tensions between China and India flared-up once again. A face-off between the Indian and Chinese soldiers began on the northern bank of the 134-km long Pangong Tso. The lake extends from Tibet to Ladakh with China controlling two-thirds of it. The Indian army troops were patrolling on the northern bank of […]
  • Sep 13, 2019
    The Nandan Nilekani-led committee on digital payments made its recommendations to the government recently. The report talks about a multitude of issues, including international expansion of RuPay cards, increasing digital payment acceptance at scale, and a revised outlook towards KYCs. One of the most fundamental things the report talks about is the need for an […]
  • Sep 13, 2019
    Assisted Reproductive Technologies News of a 74 year old woman giving birth to twins has elicited mixed responses. A few years ago, a couple in their 70s also resorted to ART to conceive and obtain a child. The debate has brought into discussion the applications of assisted reproductive technologies and its use in geriatric persons. With the background […]
  • Sep 12, 2019
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    How would a smart policymaker tackle the problems of pollution and traffic law violations? Rohan Seth, Pranay Kotasthane and Anupam Manur discuss in the context of the recently announced amendment to the Motor Vehicles Act. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Sep 11, 2019
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    Negotiations for the massive Asia-Pacific trade deal, RCEP, are in their final phase. Rohan Seth, Anupam Manur, and Manoj Kewalramani debate the pros and cons of the potential agreement for India. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Sep 10, 2019
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    Why does Bashar al-Asad’s regime have a new lease of life? How will militaries use artificial intelligence? And what is the legacy of Robert Mugabe? Manoj Kewalramani, Sankalp Gurjar and Rohan Seth talk about all this and more on this week’s edition of Reading The Economist. Sankalp’s article in Marathi: tiny.cc/sankalp-on-mugabe Subscribe and listen to the […]
  • Sep 10, 2019
    Modi’s de-plasticisation campaign seeks to end the use of single-use plastics by 2022. It is unclear if anyone in the government has done economic and environmental cost-benefit analyses of a nationwide ban on single-use plastics. If India’s proposed ban on single-use plastics is successful, the benefit is that we will reduce plastic pollution, but at the cost of worsening the cumulative […]
  • Sep 9, 2019
    Indian regulations actively discourage private space companies. In this special episode Dr Ranjana Kaul, an expert on space law and policy, and Narayan Prasad, an entrepreneur, tell us what the country needs to do take its space capabilities into higher orbits. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any […]
  • Sep 8, 2019
    एकेकाळी साऱ्या देशाच्या आशावादाचे प्रतीक झालेला नेता अनैतिक सत्ताकांक्षेपायी साऱ्या देशाला कसे वेठीस धरतो याचे मूर्तिमंत उदाहरण म्हणून झिम्बाब्वेच्या रॉबर्ट मुगाबे यांचे नाव घेता येईल. झिम्बाब्वेवर ३७ वर्षे सत्ता गाजवलेल्या मुगाबे यांचे ६ सप्टेंबरला वयाच्या ९५ व्या वर्षी निधन झाल्यावर त्यांच्याविषयी फारशी काही सहानुभूती दाटून आलेली दिसत नाही. उलट त्यांच्या देशातील बहुसंख्य जनतेने सुटकेचा निश्वासच सोडला असावा. असे […]
  • Sep 6, 2019
    The Big Story: India-China: PLA across Land and Sea PLA in Arunachal Pradesh PTI reports that the Chinese Army has intruded in Arunachal Pradesh. These claims were based on the statements of Tapir Gao, BJP MP from Arunachal Pradesh. Mr Gao claimed that the PLA had made incursions into Indian territory last month and built a bridge over […]
  • Sep 6, 2019
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    For the first time in history, humanity can take shortcuts to the many destinations of natural evolution. On this episode, Aditya Ramanathan and Anirudh Kanisetti talk to Ganesh Chakravarthi about Transhumanism and the future of humanity. Read the essay here: https://takshashila.org.in/the-evolution-of-synthetic-thought/ Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other […]
  • Sep 5, 2019
    China’s defence white paper 2019 reiterates the importance of Xinjiang, Tibet and Taiwan for China. The white paper highlights China’s concerns on Taiwan. But it implies a certain lessening of its worries on Xinjiang and Tibet compared to the past. Read more…
  • Sep 5, 2019
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    How does China coerce without nuclear weapons? Will emerging technologies weaken existing security guarantees? And why do bystanders help strangers in trouble? Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Sep 4, 2019
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    The government has a draft ordinance proposing a ban on electronic cigarettes. Anupam Manur tells Rohan Seth and Aditya Ramanathan why that’s a terrible idea. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Sep 3, 2019
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    What explains the spurt in national airlines in Africa? How is the EU attempting to jump-start its tech ecosystem? How will competition between Japan and South Korea impact East Asia? Anirudh Kanisetti., Pranav R.S. and Shibani Mehta discuss all this and more from this week’s edition of The Economist. Subscribe and listen to the podcast […]
  • Sep 3, 2019
    Having convinced ourselves that the Narendra Modi government’s policies cannot be at fault, we are now debating whether the economic slowdown that began in 2017 is cyclical or structural. More than three million people emerge out of poverty for every percentage rise in GDP. The Indian economy will have to grow at over 10 per cent per annum […]
  • Aug 30, 2019
    e-cigarettes: To ban or not ban?  Last week US health officials reported what could be the country’s first death linked to vaping. The officials said that an adult patient in Illinois, who contracted a serious lung disease after vaping, had died and that they considered it the first death in the US linked to e-cigarettes. The debate […]
  • Aug 30, 2019
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    How and why do some polities endure, while others shatter? Anirudh Kanisetti and Aditya Ramanathan explore the medieval Deccan in search of answers. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Aug 30, 2019
    With the developments in Kashmir and the economy dominating so much of the national discussion, it can be hard to keep track of what is happening about tech policy. One thing that might slip through the cracks are the changes in the Data Protection Bill. According to a recent report by Medianama, the ministry of […]
  • Aug 30, 2019
    China announced that it will hold a grand celebration followed by a military parade and mass pageantry on its National Day, October 1 at Tiananmen Square, Beijing. This is to mark the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). The South China Morning Post reports that China is planning to make its strategic nuclear missiles […]
  • Aug 30, 2019
    Eye on China is a weekly bulletin offering news and analysis related to the Middle Kingdom from an Indian interests perspective. This week we cover changes in China’s economic policies, the World AI Conference in Shanghai, the visits of Rodrigo Duterte, Javad Zarif and Abdulla Aripov, the trade war and much more… I. In China […]
  • Aug 29, 2019
    Download the Essay in PDF The world has never been enough. At least for us, humans. The endeavour to become more than what we are lies at the heart of human civilisation. We have overcome challenges of nature, obstacles of time, physical and mental impediments. Perhaps nothing reflects the culmination of this collective zeal to […]
  • Aug 29, 2019
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    Does Iran’s space programme have a military purpose? Has CPEC brought Pakistan’s provinces together? And how do countries demonstrate military power in peacetime? Manoj Kewalramani, Pranav RS and Aditya Ramanathan discuss. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Aug 28, 2019
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    What is the role of private corporations in society? Why is there a spike in British universities’ student intake? And what makes leopard seals so interesting? Manoj Kewalramani, Rohan Seth and Shambhavi Naik talk about all this and more on this week’s edition of Reading the Economist. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes […]
  • Aug 27, 2019
    It is hard to associate Facebook and most of Big Tech with anything positive right now. Privacy breaches and the Cambridge Analytica scandal led the American Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to fine Facebook $5bn. The fine was a joke. FTC’s decision was seen to be so weak that Facebook’s stock actually rose in the wake of the levy. […]
  • Aug 27, 2019
    Ex-IAS Kannan Gopinathan’s resignation would have captured public attention even if it had not been in protest against the Narendra Modi-Amit Shah government’s clampdown in Jammu & Kashmir. In his ethical calculus, the benefit of fighting from the inside was lower than the costs of suppressing the voice of his conscience. So, he rightly quit. Yet, a different person in his shoes could have done the […]
  • Aug 26, 2019
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    China’s “whole of nation” approach to statecraft gives it a variety of economic and political tools with which it can further its diplomatic and military objectives. Manoj Kewalramani and Suyash Desai talk to Aditya Ramanathan. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Aug 23, 2019
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    What’s it like for policy wonks to work in Bengaluru instead of Delhi? In this fun episode, Aditya Ramanathan talks to Prachi Misra, Rohan Seth and Utkarsh Narain about their good, bad, and plain unexpected experiences of moving. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Aug 23, 2019
    The Print’s daily roundtable TalkPoint posed a question connected to the Indian PM’s France visit: Modi-Macron embrace: Does India have permanent friends or is every alliance strategic? My response: There are no friends, let alone permanent friends when it comes to international relations. Anthropomorphism in international conduct can lead us to incorrect assumptions and solutions. So, Russia is […]
  • Aug 23, 2019
    The Big Story: South China Sea Showdown The China-Vietnam showdown in the South China Sea has now escalated. It started in the first week of July when Haiyang Dizhi 8, a Chinese survey vessel began surveying sea beds in the north-eastern part of the Vanguard Bank, which falls within Vietnam’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ). Chinese coastguards and maritime […]
  • Aug 23, 2019
    Eye on China is a weekly bulletin offering news and analysis related to the Middle Kingdom from an Indian interests perspective. This week we cover the UNSC meeting on Kashmir, tensions between China and Vietnam, the protests in Hong Kong, developments in the Sino-US trade war and much more… I. Kashmir at UNSC Closed door […]
  • Aug 22, 2019
    Taxation and regulation is slowly catching up with technology: India is now preparing a framework to tax Big Tech companies. India’s desire to do so is part of a global pattern. Earlier this year, France came up with a proposition to tax Google, Facebook, and Amazon. India following suit will lead to broader international consequences with a combination […]
  • Aug 21, 2019
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    On Independence Day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that India would soon have a chief of defence staff. General Prakash Menon and Nitin Pai join Aditya Ramanathan to discuss why the new appointment is critical and what more needs to be done. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or […]
  • Aug 20, 2019
    ThePrint’s daily roundtable Talkpoint posed a question related to PM Modi’s conversation with US President Trump on the latter’s offer to mediate on the Kashmir issue. The question was: Is PM Modi allowing Trump to play policeman in India-Pakistan tensions over Kashmir? My response: Policeman is an incorrect metaphor to use. The act of policing involves ensuring compliance with an […]
  • Aug 20, 2019
    The Print’s daily roundtable TalkPoint posed a question connected to PM Modi’s conversation with US President Donald Trump on the Kashmir issue since the abrogation of Article 370 visit: Is PM Modi allowing Trump to play policeman in India-Pakistan tensions over Kashmir? My response: Policeman is an incorrect metaphor to use. The act of policing involves ensuring compliance with an underlying rule of law. […]
  • Aug 20, 2019
    A day after India’s 73rd Independence Day, the Narendra Modi government threatened Pakistan with the possibility of a nuclear attack if it scales up cross-border terrorism and militancy against India. The Modi government appears to have calculated that the fear of an Indian nuclear strike will raise Pakistan’s costs of cross-border terrorism, thus deterring its use. The biggest […]
  • Aug 19, 2019
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    Various indicators strongly suggest India’s economy is in trouble. Pranay Kotasthane and Anupam Manur talk about India’s economic challenges and some possible solutions. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Aug 18, 2019
    The main advantage of NFU is that it minimises the probability of nuclear use. This is so because it enhances the possibility of containing the crisis before the point of no return when miscommunications, misjudgement, misperception or the fog of war may force either power to go first. Instead, if both are NFU powers, there […]
  • Aug 16, 2019
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    The 21st century isn’t the first time China has been embroiled in a trade war. 1000 years ago, the Chola dynasty of South India attacked Southeast Asia because of the Chinese economy. How? Why? Anirudh Kanisetti and Aditya Ramanathan discuss. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other […]
  • Aug 16, 2019
    The Big Story: Hong Kong Saga Continues, Will China intervene? The Hong Kong protests have entered its tenth week. The protesters started swarming the international airport last week, demanding greater democracy in Hong Kong. It soon turned ugly as hundreds of protesters turned on an “undercover police officer” and a reporter from the Global Times. This prompted the Hong Kong police […]
  • Aug 16, 2019
    Guidelines for Evaluation of Nano-Agri Input and Nano-Agri Products!  The Department of Biotechnology invites comments on ‘Guidelines for Evaluation of Nano-Agri Input and Nano-Agri Products in India” from all the stakeholders- government agencies, institutions, industry/researchers engaged in research & development in Nanobiotechnology. It is requested that comments/observations pertaining to the same may be conveyed positively […]
  • Aug 16, 2019
    The eleven-week-long protest movement in Hong Kong has reached a critical phase. Earlier this week, thousands of protesters converged on the city’s airport, paralysing operations and disrupting nearly 1,000 flights. The airport was finally cleared on Thursday after clashes between riot police and the protesters. The scenes of chaos played out as the top leadership […]
  • Aug 16, 2019
    Eye on China is a weekly bulletin offering news and analysis related to the Middle Kingdom from an Indian interests perspective. This week we focus on the Indian foreign minister’s visit to Beijing, the resilience of China’s tech giants, signs of economic weakness in China while Xi strengthens political education and the new moves that […]
  • Aug 15, 2019
    If you have nuclear missiles to deter your enemy, you’d better be ready to launch them first. Weapons like that must be a great way to get what you want in international relations, right? Wrong. We think conventional nuclear wisdom should be turned on its head. The only sensible strategic choice with nukes is what […]
  • Aug 14, 2019
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    What does the dramatic transformation of Jammu and Kashmir’s status last week mean for India? Nitin Pai, General Prakash Menon and Anand Arni debate the problems, opportunities, and prospects. Takshashila’s discussion document: takshashila.org.in/takshashila-dis…he-way-forward/ Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Aug 14, 2019
    By the Takshashila Geostrategy Programme Download the Slidedoc in PDF ​Post Article 370 scenario: A worsened security situation in Jammu and Kashmir abetted by Pakistan, exacerbated by the absence of legitimate political channels, a weak economic infrastructure, and an inadequate administrative capacity. Further, this situation is unlikely to change for the better over the next two […]
  • Aug 13, 2019
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    A brewing Sino-US currency war, the challenge of space debris and Brexit’s impact on consumers. Anupam Manur, Manoj Kewalramani and Shambhavi Naik talk about all this and more from this week’s edition of “Reading The Economist”. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Aug 13, 2019
    While the constitutionality of the government’s actions, with respect to scrapping Article 370, has been challenged in the Supreme Court, we should not expect the judiciary to overrule the decision entirely. What ought to be of utmost concern now is: Where do we go from here? How do we try to make India — including Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh […]
  • Aug 13, 2019
    The original terms of references for the FFC themselves were contentious. Based on the wrong assumption that the last Finance Commission was overly generous towards the states, the terms were designed to nudge the FFC towards reducing the tax devolution to the states in order to meet the requirements of central schemes of the Union […]
  • Aug 12, 2019
    Streaming services are cataloguing the entire world’s audiovisual content onto their platforms. If you had told someone ten years ago that most of the world’s movies and TV shows would be available on demand in their pocket they would have given you a patronising look of disbelief. If at present of the streaming industry is […]
  • Aug 12, 2019
    Bertil Lintner’s book The Costliest Pearl is perhaps the most comprehensive account of the contemporary geopolitics of the maritime Eastern Hemisphere. It covers the ground from Djibouti to Vanuatu and the water from the South China Sea to the Southern Indian Ocean. And although it covers the actions and reactions of the powers from within […]
  • Aug 9, 2019
    China has started mass production of Yun Feng Zhongcheng, a hypersonic surface to surface cruise missile. The missile has a range of 1500-2000 km. Chinese Academy of Science ‘Qingtian Project Room’ (青田项目室) is responsible for the research and development, and mass production of this missile. The Yun Feng medium-range missile is different from the typical ballistic […]
  • Aug 9, 2019
    Eye on China is a weekly bulletin offering news and analysis related to the Middle Kingdom. This week we cover: China’s reaction to the scrapping of Article 370; India gets a warning on Huawei; Xi heads to Beidaihe; an escalation in Hong Kong’s protests and much more. I. The Kashmir Reaction It took a while, […]
  • Aug 9, 2019
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    Privacy is dying. But can we use data as a bargaining chip with the tech behemoths? Aditya Ramanathan, Manoj Kewalramani and Rohan Seth debate the options. Rohan’s op-ed: theprint.in/opinion/privacy-is-…aining-chip/267743/ Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Aug 8, 2019
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    From Confucius and Sun Tzu to Han Fei Zi, China has been home to many great strategists. In this special episode, Manoj Kewalramani and Suyash Desai talk to Dr Chao Xie about China’s strategic culture and how it impacts present-day foreign policy. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or […]
  • Aug 7, 2019
    Things are looking bleak for the Indian economy. GDP growth in the latest quarter was a subdued 5.8 per cent, unemployment levels are at record highs, the fiscal deficit numbers projected in the Budget are suspect and presumed to be larger, export growth hit a 41-month low in June this year, and growth in the […]
  • Aug 7, 2019
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    In this special episode, Manoj Kewalramani and Suyash Desai talk to Dr Chao Xie about the US-China trade war, its implications for India, and how China perceives it. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Aug 6, 2019
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    The burning Arctic, how China pursues diplomatic victory with chairs, the promise of making electricity from moisture, and the bloody history of the mosquito. Manoj Kewalramani, Shambhavi Naik, and Aditya Ramanathan discuss all these and more in this week’s edition of Reading the Economist. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts […]
  • Aug 5, 2019
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    What does the evolution of China’s political economy have in common with European dominance of sea-based trade in the 18th-19th centuries? They challenge our notion of what is modern, and what the future might look like. Anirudh Kanisetti and Aditya Ramanathan discuss. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or […]
  • Aug 2, 2019
    The Big Story: PLA Warns Hong Kong Protesters As the political crisis in Hong Kong intensifies, the People’s Liberation Army released a video showing footage of anti-riots exercise. The video, posted on social media, begins by a PLA soldier shouting, “All consequences are at your own risk.” Chen Daoxing, Major General, PLA Hong Kong Garrison, […]
  • Aug 2, 2019
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    The Cold War-era INF Treaty died this week. In its wake, we might see a new arms race fuelled by international tensions and technology. Pranav R.S. and Aditya Ramanathan talk to Anirudh Kanisetti about what the future holds and we can do about it. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts […]
  • Aug 2, 2019
    A fortnightly newsletter keeping an eye on science policy and news from around the world. Gene Therapies – Finally!  After nearly two years of holding a discussion on guidelines for gene editing for human interventions, ICMR has released a 100 page draft guideline for gene therapies. The document was open for public consultation for about one week […]
  • Aug 1, 2019
    Download the doctrine here. In the 21st century, India faces challenges of unprecedented scale and complexity that necessitate new ways of thinking about national security. We propose that yogakshema, an idea pioneered in the Arthashastra , should be the guiding light of India’s national security doctrine. Simply put, the State must provide security, kshema, and […]
  • Aug 1, 2019
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    In this episode on Politics of Afghanistan, Anand Arni and Pranay Kotasthane discuss the latest developments in the ongoing talks between the US and Taliban. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other podcast app.
  • Jul 31, 2019
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    On this special episode, Manoj Kewalramani and Suyash Desai talk to N. Jayaram, a veteran journalist who’s reported on China for decades. They talk about China’s transformation since the 1980s, the future of Taiwan and the fate of Hong Kong. Subscribe and listen to the podcast on: iTunes Castbox Google Podcasts Spotify or any other […]
  • Jul 30, 2019
    Tech firms offer services in exchange, but the government will argue it needs your data for national security. Why not trade it then. This year, Google bought Nest. Why was the world’s biggest search engine acquiring a thermostat company? Because through Nest, Google will get to know what temperature you prefer in your home, or […]

  • Dec 3, 2019
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    The Karnataka government is set to release a new industrial policy next month with the goal of encouraging investment in tier-II cities. As it has been in the past, this goal is likely to be framed in zero-sum terms i.e. achieved by pushing IT companies to move away from Bengaluru and in other cities instead. We […]
  • Dec 3, 2019
    With the People’s Republic of China (PRC) marking its 70th founding anniversary on October 1, the grand military parade at Tiananmen Square was the highlight of the celebrations. It showcased China’s newer arms, ammunition, and technology. Over 15,000 personnel, 160 aircraft, and 580 pieces of military equipment participated in the military parade, including sophisticated weaponry such as hypersonic missiles, […]
  • Dec 2, 2019
    India’s response to China’s diplomatic offensive of recent years has been inconsistent and sporadic. Using diplomatic tools in an institutionalised way to highlight China’s vulnerabilities is something India refrains from. This, despite China’s increased diplomatic activism against India. For instance, China raised the dilution of Article 370 in the United Nations Security Council on behalf […]
  • Nov 29, 2019
    I. The Big Story: Xi’s Military Reforms The Chinese President Xi Jinping on Wednesday called for efforts to cultivate a new type of military personnel who are competent, professional and possess both integrity and ability. He attended the opening ceremony of the training of Presidents of the military schools and academies at the National Defence University […]
  • Nov 29, 2019
    Eye on China is a weekly bulletin offering news and analysis related to the Middle Kingdom from an Indian interests perspective. This week we focus on the developments in the Sino-Indian relationship; Xi’s focus on military education; nearly 13% of Chinese banks being highly risky; protests in Hong Kong; new leaks from Xinjiang and much […]
  • Nov 29, 2019
    Mastodon is what’s happening in India right now. Indian Twitter users are moving to the platform and have taken to using hashtags such as #CasteistTwitter and #cancelallBlueTicksinIndia. A key reason for this to transpire is that Twitter has been, to put it mildly, less than perfect, in moderating content in India. There is the incident […]
  • Nov 29, 2019
    The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 was passed by the Indian Parliament on 26th November despite considerable opposition by members of the Rajya Sabha and the transgender community. In 2014, the supreme court in a landmark judgement in the case of National Legal Services Authority versus […]
  • Nov 29, 2019
    The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has launched an ambitious project, IndiGen, to sequence whole genomes of diverse ethnic Indian population to develop public health technology applications. The CSIR last month announced sequencing of 1,008 Indian genomes as part of the project. It aims to complete sequencing of at least 10,000 Indian genomes over the next three […]
  • Nov 27, 2019
    Advancements in Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies over the next decade will have a profound impact on the nature of warfare. Increasing use of precision weapons, training simulations and unmanned vehicles are merely the tip of the iceberg. AI technologies, going forward, will not only have a direct battlefield impact in terms of weapons and equipment but […]
  • Nov 26, 2019
    As a global community, we should have a more visible and informed choice in what content we want to consume. The full article is available here. Rohan is a Policy Analyst at The Takshashila Institution.