Playing quoits with quotas

At a fundamental level, the politics around job quotas, whether on the basis of caste or religion, is a reflection on our conception of the Indian state. To quote Pratap Bhanu Mehta, Gandhi in particular, and the Congress Party in general, had a conception of India as a kind of federation of communities. Creation of India was about friendship among a federation of communities, and not a project of liberating individuals from the burden of community identity. We don’t have a conception of citizenship where identities matter less to what political rights you have as an individual. It has never been seriously considered as a political project in independent India.