Although the separatists are fighting a losing battle, their loss doesn’t automatically spell success for the state government. Lack of violence means that people will no longer be satisfied with peace and security. They will demand economic growth and faster development. With the remnants of terror still around, the state government has to simultaneously play the role of a firefighter and a builder. This is difficult in the best of times but a state machinery, battered by two decades of violent insurgency, will find it even harder. The political stakes are high. It is time for Omar Abdullah and his team to rise to this challenge.