India’s Strategies for a New World Order

By Anirudh Kanisetti, Anupam Manur, Pranay Kotasthane, and Akshay Alladi

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Over the next quarter century, the international order is likely to change considerably. A new geopolitical and macroeconomic context will necessitate a flexible strategy to maximise India’s national interest.

In this Discussion Document, an analytical framework is developed to visualise possible New World Orders at the intersection of two axes. The first axis represents five possible geopolitical trends, organised by the degree of global polarity. The second  axis represents four geoeconomic trends, based on the degree of growth, automation, trade, and labour movements.

In each scenario, the proposed strategies to maximise India’s national interest are determined. The most frequently-occurring strategies are used to develop an agenda that will hold India in good stead, regardless of how the world shapes up.

Domestic Economic Reforms

  1. Liberalise major sectors, implement labour and factor market reforms. Be an attractive destination for FDI.
  2. Focus on the employment elasticity of growth in addition to growth itself. Collaborate with foreign universities for skilling the workforce.
  3. Build a social security net to deal with inequality, unemployment, skill obsolescence, and an aging population.

Reforms for India’s engagement with the world at large.

  1. Three critical military shifts  needed: from land to sea, from the physical to the virtual (cyberwarfare); and from manpower to firepower.
  2. Champion the cause of globalisation as movement of labour, goods, and services is critical for India’s growth.
  3. Retain flexibility in terms of alignment: be open to larger partnerships and global projects, as well as unilateral action.
  4. Partner with other middle powers, especially those concerned by G2 dominance.

Download the Discussion Document in PDF [5 MB]

This discussion document can be cited as “Anirudh Kanisetti, Anupam Manur et al, India’s Strategies for a New World Order, Takshashila Discussion Document, 2018-01″.