The US has a system of federal crimes, which are different from the crimes listed under the state or local laws. Federal crime is one that is prosecuted under federal criminal law, and not under a state’s criminal law, where most of the crimes committed in the US are prosecuted. Although the first US federal criminal statute in 1790 included only a handful of offences — like treason, counterfeiting and piracy — the list has expanded to an estimated 4,500 crimes now. Numerous federal agencies like the FBI, DEA, IRS and the Secret Service have the power to investigate and arrest for federal crimes. For example, if a kidnapping takes place and the kidnapper crosses a state border, then it becomes a federal crime, and the FBI takes over the case.
Perhaps it is time for India to emulate the US and create its own list of federal or central crimes.