Democracy’s non-democratic parties

What are the consequences of having oligarchic parties in our democracy? It is the root cause of the non-deliberative nature of our politics. We lament the poor quality of deliberation in parliament or lack of ideology in our parties. But it is directly owed to the fact that our leaders’ rise within their parties does not include convincing their own party members of the cogency of their ideas. The battle within parties is not a battle for ideas but a race for patronage. At no level are there any open and fair contests, which could have acted as forums for protracted deliberation on policy issues. If the party platform is opened for serious contestation, it is more likely that party members will understand and articulate the positions taken by the party.