The Chinese technology sector has been rapidly modernising, with the country rising to become the 14th most innovative economy in the world. Chinese companies are also fast expanding their global footprint across domains like telecommunications, robotics, artificial intelligence and e-commerce. Yet, even as China exports its technological products to the rest of the world, it remains insular domestically. Moreover, China’s increasing innovation capabilities are enabling Beijing’s push to shape emerging governance norms around new technologies.
All of this has a direct impact on Indian national interests. We, therefore, believe that India must pursue conditional collaboration with Chinese entities with the aim of nurturing the domestic innovation ecosystem. This approach entails: